What are Hyperpigmentation and its various types?

Hyperpigmentation is one of the common skin ailments that causes dark patches of uneven color on your skin. These brown spots, more or less numerous and extensive, are concentrated on the parts of the body exposed to the sun: face, cleavage, back, etc. Hyperpigmentation of the skin presents no danger.

However, many people want to reduce or remove their brown spots for aesthetic reasons. There are different melasma treatments today that have proven their effectiveness: laser, flash lamp, Hyperpigmentation cream, cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen, and so on.

Now, let’s move forward in order to understand what are Hyperpigmentation and its various types.

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation results from an overproduction of melanin in certain cutaneous zones.

It is a defense mechanism of the skin against the sun: in response to UV exposure, specific cells of the epidermis called melanocytes that produce a brown pigment, melanin, which stains the skin uniformly.

But it happens that this coloration becomes excessively anarchic: produced in excess in some areas, melanin accumulates, and the skin takes a darker coloration locally. This is called Hyperpigmentation: more or less large brown spots form, which contrasts with the surrounding skin that is clearer. These spots are painless and benign but often considered unsightly.

Here are the causes that due to which Hyperpigmentation occur:

  • Allergic Reactions
  • Inflammation Caused by Sunlight
  • Hormonal Changes after Pregnancy
  • Medication
  • Genetic

The Different Types of Hyperpigmentation

There are several, but the most common are:

  • Freckles: They are usually seen in fair-skinned people and are small brown spots that get darken and multiply when exposed to the sun. These spots are of genetic origin.
  • Lentigos: These are usually small, dark, round or oval spots. Lentigines may be age-related (senile lentigo or age spots) or excessive sun exposure (solar or actinic lentigo). This is why they appear mainly on frequently exposed body parts, such as the face, hands, and arms.
  • Melasma: It is linked to hormonal changes and aggravated by exposure to the sun. Melasma results in the appearance of brown sheets distributed symmetrically on the forehead, nose, and cheeks. It affects more frequently brown people with matte skin. Melasma is particularly common in pregnant women: it is called “pregnancy mask” or “chloasma,” and it usually disappears a few months after delivery. It can also be formed by taking an oral contraceptive.
  • Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: It appears after an attack on the skin when a lesion heals leaving a stain (acne scars, burns, rubbing glasses on the nose). This type of Hyperpigmentation is particularly noticeable on the matte or dark skin, which is richer in melanin.


After reading this, you might be wondering that how to get rid of Hyperpigmentation. There are numerous ways to get relieved of this issue. All you need to do is consult your dermatologist.


Top Reasons behind Skin Ailments like Hyperpigmentation

Summer is the season of spritzers, sea, sand, and sunspots. It is that time of year when you find most uneven pigmentation appearing due to the bright sunshine. When your skin is healthy and young, you will find the skin color uniform. Conversely, if your skin is getting affected or damaged by hormones that mean the body is producing an excess of melanin and results in the uneven, patchy skin.

If you are facing such skin issues – Hyperpigmentation, it is essential to know that why this problem is occurring so that you can go for the right Hyperpigmentation treatment.

Keep on reading to know the main reasons behind such skin ailments that result in Hyperpigmentation.


In many individuals, Hyperpigmentation is a situation that is founded in their DNA. Though Hyperpigmentation is inherited, still it can skip generations. If anyone in your family who is suffering from Hyperpigmentation, there are chances that you acquire the same skin condition from them.

Many people choose to leave the condition untreated, but it further results into severe health hazards. If you notice any Hyperpigmentation issue, consult a dermatologist before you try anything to diagnose the skin condition your own. The dermatologist will look at the skin condition precisely and might prescribe better treatments and medication like cysteamine cream.

Over Exposure to Sunlight

There is no doubt that warmth in sunlight makes our skin darker and tanned. When your skin comes in contact with the ultraviolet rays of the sun, it naturally produces an inflammatory response. The response of inflammation starts taking place at the moment only when skin gets exposed to sunlight, but the level is low enough that you can’t notice them easily.

But, when the inflammation levels are high, the body starts producing inflammatory mediators. So, the occurrence of inflammation is one of the reasons that give rise to melanin production.

Change in Hormones

During pregnancy, the level of estrogen and progesterone rises, this causes Hyperpigmentation. The change in hormones boosts the melanin production, and the condition is known as melasma. In many cases, the Hyperpigmentation disappears after post pregnancy, but in some cases, it doesn’t.


Many medicines come with side effects, which numerous times result into Hyperpigmentation. It has been seen that medications also cause hormonal changes in our bodies that leads to the activation of melanocytic cells. When the cells get activated, the melanin gets produced in excess.  So, Hyperpigmentation takes place due to the side effect of medications.


The above are the leading causes that are behind the Hyperpigmentation. Now, you might be pondering how to get rid of Hyperpigmentation and to overcome this problem you can either consult a dermatologist or go for some home remedies.


6 Reasons that Leads to Hyperpigmentation

An uneven skin tone naturally lowers down your confidence levels. No one in the world likes the skin with blemishes, acne scars, Melasma, age spots, and other dark scars. These problems can occur for any skin type from normal, dry to oily and due to numerous reasons.

It is essential that you understand the causes of Hyperpigmentation as it will help you in determining the right hyperpigmentation treatment. Also, it enables you to take precautions that can thwart further skin issues.

It is most obvious when you face such issues; your mind gets spins with the questions why it is happening and how to get rid of Hyperpigmentation.

Read thoroughly to know the most common causes that are behind the occurrence of Hyperpigmentation.

Change in Hormones

The change in hormones is one of the reasons behind the Hyperpigmentation. Such hormonal changes increase melanin production. And, this melanin production is enhanced by progesterone and estrogen levels, known as Melasma.


Over Exposure to Sunlight

When you have much contact with UV rays it causes for Hyperpigmentation. The pigment – melanin produced when it comes to the exposure of sunlight. The UV rays from the sunlight lead to numerous skin diseases and also tans the body.

Poor Nutrition

It is vital for an individual to take a balanced diet to avoid the symptoms of Hyperpigmentation. You might have noticed people who consume more alcohol and don’t take healthy diet have more skin problems as compared to the people who drink plenty of water and eat balanced diets.



The genes decide the tone and posture of the human. So, whatever skin tone or body structure you have you inherited it from the generations. For example – if someone in your family who had or suffering from severe Hyperpigmentation, there are chances that you will acquire the same skin condition.

So, if you have acquired Hyperpigmentation problem genetically then a slight sun exposure, allergic reaction, or skin damage can give rise to Hyperpigmentation.

Exposure to Toxins or Medication

To get rid of Hyperpigmentation, we consume medicines that contain anti-seizure drugs, antibiotics, chemotherapeutic drugs or non-steroidal drugs. While having such medications, we might notice hormonal changes in our body that leads to the activation of the melanocytic cells. When the cells get activated, it produces an excess of melanin.

Improper Use of Sunscreen

Doesn’t matter how healthier skin you have, it is essential that you don’t ignore the use of sunscreen lotions. Sunscreens protect your skin from the harsh UV rays and other damages. So, one of the reasons that give rise to Hyperpigmentation is avoidance of sunscreen.



Don’t worry, if you are facing all these symptoms as there are many treatments to treat Hyperpigmentation. They might be time-consuming and expensive, but if you make use of best skin products like cysteamine cream you can effectively fight the Hyperpigmentation.



Proven ways to lessen the symptoms of Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation makes the skin color tone uneven and causes dark patches. The condition occurs due to the excessive production of melanin. Apart from this, it also happens due to the changes in hormones in the body. The external factors that cause Hyperpigmentation are excessive exposure to sun, burning or injury on the skin, and contact with chemicals. Hyperpigmentation can happen on any part of the body like face, arms, legs, hands, and neck.

So, if you are the one who is facing the same issues, don’t worry, we have got the perfect solution to your problems.

Discover the ways how to get rid of hyperpigmentation here and know about the effective tips to get a flawless skin.

Use Hyperpigmentation Removal Creams:

You can use skin lightening creams to lessen the dark patches or blemishes on your skin. These creams contain peptides, vitamin C, and other natural extracts that helps in clearing the white and dark patches from the skin. But, remember to get a reputed brand product with lots of natural extracts to keep skin spotless and healthy. It is important that you consult your dermatologist before applying any hyperpigmentation cream on your skin.

Beautiful Young Model Touching Her Skin

Use Raw Potatoes

Raw Potatoes helps in lightening the skin and also to get rid of spots and blemishes. This is because the potatoes contain a powerful and active enzyme called catecholase.

How to Use?

  • Peel one potato and cut into slices
  • Pour the few drops of water on the surface of potato slice
  • Rub it on the face or affected parts for about 10 minutes and rinse with lukewarm water
  • To get best results, use this remedy 3 to 4 times a day for a month.



Apple Cider Vinegar

It is one of the best organic remedies for melasma treatment as it is excellent in lightening the skin. With the help of this element, you can restore your natural skin color in no time.

How to Use?

  • Mix an apple cider vinegar and water in an equal amount
  • Apply the solution to the affected areas
  • Leave at least for 2 minutes and rinse it off with lukewarm water

Do this twice a day for two weeks

Note: – You can also drink the mixture of apple cider vinegar, water, and honey. Add two tablespoons in a half glass of water. You can also put one tablespoon of honey. Mix well and drink the mixture.




Turmeric contains bleaching properties that help in getting rid of the symptoms of hyperpigmented skin. Also, it keeps the skin free from infection.

How to Use?

  • Mix one teaspoon of turmeric powder and lemon juice
  • Apply on the affected areas properly
  • Let it rest for 20 minutes and rinse off with cold water
  • Avoid coming in the exposure of sunlight for an hour after following the treatment
  • To maximize effective results, do this once daily before taking shower


Dealing with hyperpigmentation can be tough, but these practical solutions can save you. No doubt, everyone’s skin type is different; it may take time to find the perfect remedy that suits you the best. But, the good thing is these remedies don’t have any side effect.

So, start using these tips from now to get back healthier and smooth skin.

Hyperpigmentation-An Overview of Most Common Skin Ailment

Who doesn’t like a flawless skin! Everyone does, but not all of us have perfect skin.

Uneven skin tone, freckles, Hyperpigmentation, and dark spots have become a common problem these days. Women are greatly affected by such skin problems, which add a dose of the inferior complex in them.

Dear ladies, you do not have to spend a huge amount of dollars to get great skin. The good news for you is that you can get rid of this situation naturally with the help of some simple as well as effective remedies. Here’s a brief overview of the skin ailment that has affected numerous women around the globe.


What is Hyperpigmentation?

Well, many of you would be wondering regarding the term Hyperpigmentation. It is a skin ailment that causes patches of the uneven tone of skin that could be caused by numerous reasons. The underlying cause of this ailment is the production of melanin in women.

Melanin is the culprit that causes these dark patches that further affects the beauty of the women. The root of the excessive production of melanin is generally due to the internal and external factors such as pregnancy, hormonal changes, other health issues, excessive exposure to the sun, emotional stress, etc.

What Causes Hyperpigmentation?

There are numerous factors that result in the occurrence of this skin ailment. The reasons can be genetic, or it can be due to the side-effects of birth control pills. One needs to clarify the exact cause of the disease that can help in getting the optimum treatment.

In some cases, the disease is caused due to the effect of UV rays of the sun. The direct exposure to the sunlight can eventually affect the skin resulting in skin pigmentation.

Treatment of Hyperpigmentation


There are numerous treatment methodologies available in the market that guarantees results. Hyper pigmentation removal treatments include effective medications to lessen the formation of melanin. These medications are proven to be fruitful in reducing the dark spots and patches of uneven skin.

Your dermatologist may recommend a Hyperpigmentation cream that can reduce the symptoms and eventually result in providing spotless skin. Numerous people witnessed noticeable changes in their skin tone after applying the cream regularly.

Apart from this, some natural treatments also lend a hand in reducing the symptoms of the disease. One can consider applying Aloe-Vera gel over the affected area to lessen the patches.


Top Reasons for Hyperpigmentation that One Should Know

Hyperpigmentation is one of the common skin ailments that leave dark spots of uneven skin color. These dark patches are usually of different skin tone and can be due to numerous reasons including hormonal imbalances. There are several treatments available for this ailment but one needs to know the exact cause of the disease before moving on to the treatment.

The disease is commonly seen in women, and one can avoid the disease by following some healthy habits. Here we’ll discuss the actual causes of this disease, and how one can treat this ailment.


UV Rays of the Sun

One of the most common reasons for Hyperpigmentation is the direct exposure to the harmful sunlight that may lead severe skin damage. It has been seen that there are numerous cases in which the people who are habitual of being in sunlight from years have greater chances of developing the ailment.

One should avoid direct exposure to the sunlight and must apply a sunscreen lotion before moving out in the sun. Furthermore, one should consult their physician if there are some symptoms related to the skin disease. Your doctor may prescribe some medications as well as ask for tests to confirm the actual cause of the disease.

Allergic Reactions

Hyperpigmentation can also be caused due to several allergies that trigger excessive melanin formation, which causes the skin-related troubles. People with allergies have higher chances of developing symptoms related to Hyperpigmentation. Sometimes the skin troubles like Melasma and Hyperpigmentation are caused due to some allergic reactions from the side-effects of medications.


One should never consume medications without the prescription of a medical practitioner. It has been seen that people prefer to use a hyperpigmentation cream, which can be quite useful in reducing the spots from the skin. One can easily cure the ailment with proper treatment for the disease.

Hormonal Causes

There are also good chances of getting Hyperpigmentation with the increase of the levels of progesterone and estrogen in the body. The increase in levels is usually caused by an overdose of pregnancy control pills. These pills lead to the excessive production of melanin in the body that further triggers the symptoms of Melasma and Hyperpigmentation.

One should always consume any medicine related to the birth control with proper prescription by a renowned skin specialist. One can easily find a reliable doctor by exploring the internet and get the relevant results.

Genetic Causes of the Disease

There are certain reasons that trigger the excess melanin production in the body, and a common reason is the genetics of an individual. Sometimes the genetics of an individual can be the reason for Hyperpigmentation. It has been seen that if there is the disease in the adults of a family, there are more chances that their future generations may be experiencing the disease.

One should consult the physician if there is a history of the disease in their family. It is always better to prevent the ailment rather than seeking an appropriate treatment.